The fires are not exclusive to a certain time of the year, but if they are more characteristic of one time than another, thus forest fires are concentrated in the summer season with high temperatures mainly, while those produced in homes are registered in the winter season when temperatures drop considerably, and it is essential to warm up in any way, and precisely for this reason, doing it in any way, gives rise to fires in homes, something that continues to increase every year.
The current fire regulations are increasingly comprehensive and require new constructions to be carried out to possess and use the means and tools necessary for effective protection against fire.
In addition, the installations that are carried out as the installation and maintenance companies must meet demanding requirements to guarantee that they will function correctly in the event of a fire.
But, what about all the existing buildings with several years behind them and in which fire protection is based on fire extinguishers on the landings, in the best of cases, and without entering into the obligations that the owners have in the matter of fire protection in their homes, are they non-existent, not even to have fire insurance?
Home fires are usually caused by:
- Bad combustion of stoves or braziers used for heating.
- Overload of electrical outlets to which too many elements are connected to heat up.
- Old electrical installations s that, in the event of overloads or other anomalies, do not cut off the electrical flow.
- Stoves or braziers that are left burning at night to warm up, setting fire to catch the tenants sleeping.
The victims of these fires are usually:
- Older people are living alone.
- Families with low purchasing power or at risk of social exclusion.
That is to say; we would be facing fires whose cause would have to be sought in the so-called energy poverty, that is, in those homes where it is not possible due to lack or not having the necessary means to maintain a comprehensive heating system of the house that supposes a more effective and less dangerous to be able to heat up.
In these cases, how to carry out effective prevention.
Currently, there is a wide range of fire detection products to install in homes, affordable and connectable, which allow multiple functionalities to be able to check and receive alarms remotely and therefore intervene appropriately.
But there is no solid public awareness in this matter, just as it is more and more frequent that homes are equipped with pre-installation of security systems, or that the owners install them on their own due to the fear that their privacy is violated, in Regarding fire prevention, the same does not happen, perhaps because fire is seen as something far away that cannot happen to us.
For this, the competent administrations in matters of security should begin with:
Require older constructions as well, so that they have fire prevention systems, not only in common areas but in the homes themselves, carrying out awareness campaigns, providing help for installation, advice, and carrying out controls for real compliance.
Faced with situations of energy poverty and lack of means, the means must be provided so that those people with a lack of resources can have basic services, including having the means to combat the cold, establishing aid so that they can use those systems that are less dangerous from a health perspective and the danger of starting fires due to overloading of electrical installations, poor combustion of stoves or the use of antiquated and dangerous means such as braziers of embers, or chimneys without cleaning with soot accumulated in the ducts.
Finally, one of the aspects to take into account is, in addition to the means for effective prevention, is to have accessible escape routes in the event of a fire.
One of the most used means to avoid unwanted intrusions in homes is to install bars on the windows when they are on the ground floor, but this can be effective for intrusion, it can become a cage in case of fire preventing leave the house, therefore the importance of not eliminating the escape routes that are available with this type of measures, and in case of installing them, they are anti-panic and easy to open from the inside.
The solutions are better before than after the misfortunes.